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Henry Wolcott, Sr[1, 2]

Male 1578 - 1655


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  • Suffix  Sr 
    Born  05 Dec 1578  Tolland, Sommersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened  06 Dec 1578  Lydiard St. Lawrence, Somersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Male 
    Buried  1655  Windsor Hartford Co., Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died  30 May 1655  Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID  I18683  Killmer Family
    Last Modified  16 Dec 2012 

    Father  John Wolcott, II,   b. 17 Apr 1545, Galdon Manor, Tolland, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 May 1655, Tolland, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship  Natural 
    Mother  Agnes Crosse,   b. 03 Jan 1552, Galdon Manor, Tolland, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 Nov 1623, Tolland, Tolland, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship  Natural 
    Married  Abt 1574  Kippax, York, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F06667  Group Sheet

    Father  John Wolcott, II,   b. 17 Apr 1545, Galdon Manor, Tolland, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 May 1655, Tolland, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship  Natural 
    Married  Between 1553 and 1581  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F06666  Group Sheet

    Family  Elizabeth Saunders,   b. 20 Dec 1584, Lydiard St. Lawrence, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jul 1655, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  19 Jan 1607  Lidiard St. Lawrence, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. John Wolcott,   b. 01 Oct 1607, Lydiard St. Lawrence, Somersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Mar 1642, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >2. Henry Wolcott, Jr,   b. 21 Jan 1610, Tolland, Somersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1680, Windsor, Hartford Co., CT Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Christopher Wolcott,   b. Aft 1611, Tolland, Somersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Sep 1662, Windsor, Hartford Co., CT Find all individuals with events at this location
    >4. George Wolcott,   b. 1618, Tolland, Somersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Feb 1667, Wethersfield, Hartford Co., CT Find all individuals with events at this location
    >5. Anna Wolcott,   b. 16 Oct 1620, Tolland, Somersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between Sep 1700 and May 1701
    >6. Mary Wolcott,   b. 1622, Tolland, Somersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sep 1689, Windsor, Hartford Co., CT Find all individuals with events at this location
    >7. Simon Wolcott, Sr,   b. 11 Sep 1625, Tolland, Somersetshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Sep 1687, Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F06665  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Historical and genealogical data about the descendants of

      Henry Wolcott of Windsor CT;
      John Wolcott of Watertown MA,
      William Walcott of Salem MA;
      John Wolcott of Kent Co. MD, and
      Samuel Wolcott of Shrewsbury NJ.

      The first Wolcott family in the American colonies was that of Henry Wolcott of Tolland, Somerset, and his wife, Elizabeth Saunders, who emigrated to America in 1630. Henry was the son of John Wolcott, miller, of Tolland, Somerset, son of John Wolcott, miller, of Tolland, son of Thomas Wolcott who was on the Tolland Subsidy Tax Roll of 1525.

      Henry, his wife, and three of their sons sailed from Plymouth on the Mary and John . They arrived in Dorchester MA 31 May 1630. Their two daughters and youngest son arrived a few years later. Henry settled at Windsor CT and was one of the 19 men named in the Connecticut Charter. He was a member of the CT House of Delegates and House of Magistrates. He died in 1665 and is buried in the churchyard of the First Congregational Church at Windsor CT.

      Few families have been more distinguished in the annals of Connecticut, than the Wolcott family. The ancestor of this family was Henry Wolcott, an English gentleman of considerable fortune, who was born in the year 1578. During the progress of the Independents in England, he embraced the principles of that sect, and hence becoming obnoxious to the British government, he found it expedient to emigrate to America. His emigration, with his family, took place in 1630. They settled for a time at Dorchester, in Massachusetts.

      Mr. Wolcott is represented to have been a man of talents and enterprise. Possessing an ample fortune, he associated himself with John Mason, Roger Ludlow, Mr. Stoughton, and Mr. Newberry, who were also men of wealth, in the settlement of Windsor, in Connecticut. About the same time, as is well known, settlements were made at Hartford and Wethersfield.

      In 1639, the first general assembly of Connecticut was hold in at Hartford. It was composed of delegates from the above towns. Among these delegates was Henry Wolcott. Since that date, down to the present time, some of the members of this distinguished family have been concerned in the city government of the state.

      Henry's decendents include three governors of Connecticut, one of which signed the Declaration of Independence.

      Downloaded from Ancestry.com

      Database: Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33

      The Great Migration Begins
      Sketches

      HENRY WOLCOTT

      ORIGIN: Lidyard St. Lawrence, Somersetshire
      MIGRATION: 1630 on Mary & John
      FIRST RESIDENCE: Dorchester
      REMOVES: Windsor 1636
      RETURN TRIPS: Travelled to England in 1640 and returned in 1641 [Lechford 324-25].
      CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: Admission to Dorchester church prior to 1 April 1634 implied by freemanship.
      FREEMAN: Requested 19 October 1630 and admitted 1 April 1634 [MBCR 1:79, 368].
      EDUCATION: His inventory included "the books and other things in the closet" valued at 11.
      OFFICES: Dorchester assessor, 3 November 1633 [DTR 4]. Fenceviewer, 20 May 1634, 10 February 1634/5 [DTR 6, 10]. Selectman, 28 October 1634 [DTR 7].

      Deputy for Windsor to Connecticut General Court, April 1639 [CT Civil List 64]. Assistant, April 1643, April 1644, April 1645, April 1646, May 1647, May 1648, May 1649, May 1650, May 1651, May 1652, May 1653, May 1654, May 1655 [CT Civil List 64].
      Windsor constable, 26 April 1636 [CCCR 1:1]. Tax collector, 9 February 1637/8 [CCCR 1:12]. Jury, 1644 [CCCR 1:102]. Committee on highway between Windsor and Hartford, 10 April 1645 [CCCR 1:125].

      ESTATE: On 3 April 1633 ordered to maintain sixty feet of fence at Dorchester, for three cows [DTR 1]. Granted fourteen acres in the meadow beyond Naponset [DTR 322].

      In the Windsor land inventory on 11 January 1640[/1] "Henry Woolcott the elder" held eleven parcels: a twelve acre homelot; twenty-two acres in the Great Meadow; eight acres in Plimouth Meadow; fifty-eight acres toward Hartford; twenty-four acres over the Great River; a parcel over the Great River twenty rods in breadth and three miles in length; a parcel over the Great River ten rods in breadth and three miles in length; eighteen acres over the Great River; a parcel "upon Plimouth Meadow bank"; fifty acres over the Great River; and eight acres and fifty rods in swamp [WiLR 42]. For settling the estate of Thomas Marshfield, Henry Wolcott received seventeen acres of upland and six acres of swamp, and purchased of the overseers of Thomas Marshfield a parcel over the Great River, thirteen rods in breadth and three miles in length [WiLR 42].

      In his will, dated 30 May 1655 and proved 4 October 1655, "Henry Wolcot" bequeathed to "my wife ... all my houselot, orchard, garden, hopyard and my lot in Plimmouth Meadow during the term of her life, also ... two of my cows and half the household goods in my dwelling house"; "I leave my land in England to Henry my eldest son without encumbrances, also I give unto him my two Books of Martyrs"; to "Christopher my second son my lot in the great meadow after my death and my houselot and housing upon it after the death of my wife he paying out of it thirty pounds after my wife's decease as I shall further appoint"; to "George my third son the five pounds he owes me and five pounds more"; to "Simon my youngest son all my land on the easterly side of the Great River and my lot at Arramummett"; to "the children of Henry my eldest son five pounds to Henry the eldest of them and to the rest of them forty shillings apiece"; residue to be equally divided "amongst all my children"; "Henry Wolcot my son" to be overseer; to "Christopher my son ... my lot in Plimmouth Meadow after the decease of my wife" [Hartford PD Case #6179; Manwaring 1:167-68].

      The inventory of the estate of "Mr. Henry Wolcot deceased," taken 13 June 1655, totalled 764 8s. 10d., of which 351 5s. was real estate: "the houselot, housing, orchard, gardens, press, garner [granary] and things thereto belonging," 135; "twenty-two acres in the Great Meadow," 88; "8 acres in Plimmouth Meadow," 32; "24 acres at Podunk ... with a barn," 54; "Marshfield's lot and house," 24; "the lot at Arramomets," 10; and "four other lots not fenced," 8 5s. [Hartford PD Case #6179].

      In her will, dated 5 July 1655 and proved 4 October 1655, "Elizabeth Wolcot" bequeathed to "my son George" 10 in moveables; to "Simon my son" some cloth; "the rest of my household goods to be equally divided betwixt Christopher and Simon my sons"; "the rest of my clothes to be equally divided betwixt my two daughters Anna and Mary"; "I would entreat Christopher to let Simon to dwell in the house and to have the use of it a while"; "my two cows to be equally divided amongst all my grandchildren" [Hartford PD Case #6167; Manwaring 1:166].

      BIRTH: Baptized at Lidyard St. Lawrence, Somersetshire, 6 December 1578, son of John Woolcott [Wolcott Gen 2].
      DEATH: Windsor 30 May 1655 [CTVR 43; Grant 82 (day and month not given)].

      MARRIAGE: Lidyard St. Lawrence, Somersetshire, 19 January 1606 Elizabeth Saunders [Wolcott Gen 2]. She died at Windsor on 5 July 1655 [CTVR 43; Grant 82 (day and month not given)].

      CHILDREN:
      i JOHN, bp. Lidyard St. Lawrence 1 October 1607 [Wolcott Gen 2]; living in 1631 [NEHGR 4:23-23]; no further record, and died without surviving issue before 10 March 1642 (when "Henry Woolcot of Windsor" deeded to "Henry Woolcot mine oldest son" the family inheritance in Tolland and Lidyard St. Lawrence [Wolcott Gen 39]).

      ii HENRY, b. say 1616; m. Windsor 8 November 1641 Sarah Newberry [Grant 69], daughter of Thomas Newberry.

      iii GEORGE, b. say 1622; m. by about 1649 Elizabeth _____ (said to be Elizabeth Treat, daughter of Richard, but without evidence [Hale, House 767]).

      iv ANNE, b. say 1624; m. Windsor 16 October 1646 Mathew Griswold (so stated in all secondary sources, but no evidence provided).

      v MARY, b. say 1626; m. Windsor 25 June 1646 Job Drake, son of John Drake [Grant 32].

      vi CHRISTOPHER, b. say 1628; d. Windsor 7 September 1662, unmarried [Manwaring 1:166]. In his nuncupative will Christopher Wolcott asked that "his estate should be divided among his brothers and sisters, only that Henry should have something more than the others" [Manwaring 1:166].

      vii SIMON, b say 1630; m. (1) Windsor 19 March 1656/7 Joanna Cooke, daughter of AARON COOKE [CTVR 42], and she d. Windsor 27 April 1657 [CTVR 43]; m. (2) Windsor 17 October 1661 Martha Pitkin [Grant 69].

      ASSOCIATIONS: "John Woolcott heretofore of Glaston in the County of Somerset, yeoman, and late of Watertowne in New Engand, planter, deceased," left behind two minor daughters. One of those chosen to be guardian was "Henry Woolcott of Windsor in N.E." [Lechford 39-41]. The exact degree of kinship between this John and Henry has not been determined, but they were probably not-too-distant cousins.

      COMMENTS: On 22 July 1631 "John Wollcott," writing from Wellington, Somersetshire, addressed "his loving cousin Henry Wollcott Junior in Matapan (Dorchester) these in New England," asked to be remembered to "your father and mother [and] to your brothers," and reported that "your brother Simon hath been very sick of late and so hath your sisters also.... Your brother John continues in his old course of living" [NEHGR 4:23-24]. The addressee was the younger Henry Wolcott, the eldest son in New England of the immigrant.

      On 15 April 1639 "John Wollcott" of Bishop's Lydyard wrote to "my loving brother Hennory Wollcott dwelling in Winsor by Quenattecott River in New England" to inform him that "our dear brother C[hris]topher Wollcott of Wellington" had died on the 25th of March 1639 [NEHGR 2:373-74].

      The statement has been made that Henry Wolcott lived at Ash Priors, Somersetshire, after 1607, and baptisms are given for sons Henry and Simon, but the parish where these events took place is not stated with assurance [M&JCH 17:176]. Further evidence is needed on this point.

      In 1640 Henry Wolcott was in partnership with Thomas Marshfield and Samuel Wakeman in the voyages of two ships across the Atlantic, and he presumably made the voyage himself in one of these vessels [Lechford 324-25].

      Wolcott, Hon. Henry, sen'r., was an early settler at Windsor. He came to Massachusetts from Tolland, England, and moved his family to Windsor in 1636, to continue with Mr. Warham's church, with which he had united in England. He had married Elizabeth Saunders before he left his country, and had some family. His son Henry, jr., was about 25 years of age when the family moved to Windsor, in 1636, and soon became an active business man. Hon. Henry was a gentleman of education, wealth and distinction, and had been a magistrate before he left England. He was long a magistrate and assistant in the colony, though he had become somewhat advanced in life before he settled at Windsor. He was made the first constable of the town, which at that day and for many years after, was an office of great honor and power in the colony. In 1637 he was appointed collector of rates--deputy in 1639 and '41--juror in 1641, 3 and 4--a committee with Major Mason to locate and erect fortifications--was frequently a member of both houses or branches of the General Court, and upon many of the most important committees in the colony--was one of the nineteen signers of the Petition to Charles II. for the Charter of Connecticut, all of whom were the principal men in the colony. Mr. Wolcott was the ancestor of more Governors of the Colony and State than any other individual, not only in the State, but in the United States. He was the ancestor of three Governor Wolcotts in Connecticut, viz. Roger and two Oliver Wolcotts--two of whom had been Lieutenant Governors; also by the marriage of his daughter to the first Matthew Griswold, of Saybrook, he became the ancestor of the two Governor Griswolds, viz. Matthew and Roger. His son Simon married a daughter of the first William Pitkin; and by this connexion he also became the ancestor of Gov. Pitkin. The children of Hon. Henry were, Henry, jr., George, Ann, Mary and Simon. Simon's children were, Elizabeth, Martha, Simon, Joanna, and the Hon. Roger--the latter was the second in command at the siege and reduction at Louisburg, in 1745, and in 1751 he was elected Governor of Connecticut. The first Oliver, LL. D., was Governor in 1796 and 7. The second Oliver, LL. D., had been Secretary of War, and Governor from 1817 to 1827. Erastus, who served as General in the War of the Revolution, was a brother of Oliver, who was also General in the same service. Erastus was a Judge of the Supreme Court of Connecticut for some years. This worthy band of a single line, were the descendants of Henry Wolcott, of Windsor. Of the same line of ancestry was the Hon. Frederick, late of Litchfield--a brother of the last Gov. Oliver--who was a gentleman no less talented and worthy than any of his ancestors. There are at this day no public men by this name in the high public stations of our country. It was well for the Wolcotts that they lived when integrity and talents were the only qualifications for preferment and high places of public trust. There are two of the sons of Hon. Frederick--one in Boston, the other in New York--who are merchants of distinction. A grandson of the last Governor Oliver, and a son of the late Col. Gibbs, of Long Island, is fast rising into notice and favor as a gentleman of literature by his valuable productions. One other of the descendants in Hartford, not of the name, but of the blood, is also by his talents, industry and acquirements, making rapid progress to public favor and preferment. Hon. Henry Wolcott died in 1680. He gave in his will his seal ring to Henry, jr. He had land at Tolland, in England, at his decease, which was in the possession of John Wolcott and John Dart, which he gave to his youngest son Josiah, after the expiration of the estate given by his (Henry's) uncle Christopher to John Wolcott, sen'r., then deceased. He also held land at Willington, called Longforth, in England, in the possession of Hugh Wolcott at his decease. He at the close of his will changed his views, and gave his lands in England to Henry, jr., for life, and to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, and to their heirs forever, by Henry, jr.'s paying annually for six years, 50 to his other three youngest sons. He was a gentleman of great wealth; his land at Wethersfield alone was appraised at 1234. His other property in this country at 2743, exclusive of his property in England.

  • Sources 
    1. [S00178] Wolcott Genealogy, Robert C Griffen and Mitchell Alegre, (Name: Published by the Society of Decendants of Henry Wolcott;).

    2. [S00178] Wolcott Genealogy, Robert C Griffen and Mitchell Alegre, (Name: Published by the Society of Decendants of Henry Wolcott;), Page 0-59.

    3. [S00178] Wolcott Genealogy, Robert C Griffen and Mitchell Alegre, (Name: Published by the Society of Decendants of Henry Wolcott;).
      Date of Import: Jun 23, 2001